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Freiburger Geographische Hefte, Vol. 77

Ralph Elsäßer (2016): Steuerungsalgorithmen für die nachhaltige Investition in den ländlichen Trinkwassersektor am Beispiel Burkina Fasos


The renewable water resource of Burkina Faso exceeds by far today's domestic water demand. The 2014 national survey however calculated the proportion of population with access to an improved water source at 63.3%. Reasons can be discovered in mismanagement, misguided capital investments, missing capital and allocation problems. Only accurate and comprehensive data and its target-oriented analysis allow developing a holistic understanding. An improvement in the planning methodology has to be based on statutory instruments, which are capable of delivering comparable results both over time and across space.
Within the scope of the present work a procedure was developed, which integrates standards and norms related to the collection and treatment of relevant drinking water data into the work processes of the Burkinabe agencies. A GIS-based model offers an automated evaluation of this information and brings the lack of justice in water distribution to light. The model contributes to a higher efficiency of investments into the sector, whereupon it allows practitioners to place an emphasis not only on the traditional economic optimization but also on higher equity and poverty reduction. The model helps to detect poor investments, makes the status and development of different regions comparable and through reporting this critical information can reduce corruption and nepotism.
Improvement of investment efficiency, higher transparency and poverty reduction are omnipresent development goals of international development organizations.
This dissertation was able to prove that a standardized multi-dimensional evaluation of water-relevant data can have an efficiency-raising effect, if applied to poverty reduction oriented water policy.
The model can be understood as a link between the international donor society and the national agencies of Burkina Faso. It assists in satisfying the demand for mutual accountability of the funds to the donors as defined in the Paris Declaration. Simultaneously it supports the coordination between national, regional and communal level of Burkinabe water policies. The national and communal investment plans rely on the model's results; thus it conforms with the national decentralization policy and provides the central level monitoring tools for decisions made by the regional authorities.
Making use of this methodology, the dissertation demonstrates prospects on how the high number of Stakeholders of the drinking water sector can participate in the planning processes: despite increased shared responsibility in the Burkinabe water sector policy, the operation plan maintains a national context. Conceptually the model embodies a combination of top-down and bottom-up approach.
The evolution of the proportion of population with access to an improved water source in Burkina Faso between 2006 and 2014 reveals, that the application of the model helped to inform investment decisions resulting in a more reasonable and equitable allocation of investments.
Capital resources are no longer directed to regions where a given amount can reach the highest number of people only following financial perspectives. The Burkinabe government has finally attached attention to balancing equity throughout the country. The Burkinabe water policy successfully realized poverty reducing and transparency stimulating outcomes since the model has become a part of the management toolset. These two factors contribute significantly to better water governance in the country. Nonetheless, the defined Millennium Development Goal of 72% most likely will not be reached by end of 2015 - the high population growth makes it difficult to attain this target.
The model's cartographic user interface supports a comprehensible presentation of the results for a selected year and through the confrontation of the performance of different years also extensive monitoring of the evolution of this factor. The visualization of the results by means of cartography and charting was instrumental in convincing the decision makers to apply the model and its methodology. The thematic maps, produced on demand by the model, serve as valuable planning tools for not computerized agencies and services.


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